Frank Legan Advisors at Cedar Brook Group

What to Think About When Deciding on a Medicare Plan

By Dayna Smith 

When it comes to financial readiness for retirement, few things are as important as planning for your healthcare needs. And a large part of that plan often involves choosing the right Medicare coverage. Medicare, the federal health insurance program primarily for people age 65 and older, is designed to help you manage your healthcare expenses during retirement. 

However, making sense of the various parts and options can be a complex process. In this guide, we will break down the key factors to consider when deciding on a Medicare plan.

Understanding the Four Parts of Medicare

Medicare is divided into four parts, each covering different aspects of your healthcare needs:

  1. Part A: This part primarily covers inpatient hospital care, skilled nursing facility care, hospice care, and some home health care.
  2. Part B: Part B covers medically necessary services such as doctor’s visits, outpatient care, preventive services, and some medical equipment.
  3. Part C (Medicare Advantage): This is an alternative to Original Medicare, offering a broader range of healthcare coverage options. It often includes Parts A, B, and sometimes D, and may provide additional benefits like dental and vision care.
  4. Part D: Part D is optional prescription drug coverage offered through private insurance companies. It helps reduce the cost of prescription medications and comes with late enrollment penalties if not chosen during the initial enrollment period.

Open Enrollment Options

Keep in mind that open enrollment is not for those who have not yet enrolled in Medicare. If that’s you, your initial enrollment period is based upon your birthday, not a set date on a calendar. You need to sign up for coverage during the window of time that begins three months before the month of your 65th birthday and ends at the end of the third month after, for a total of seven months. 

The open enrollment period affects each part separately. Here’s what you can do with your Medicare coverage: 

  • If you have Medicare Parts A & B, you can switch to Part C.
  • If you have Medicare Part C, you can switch back to Original Medicare or change to a different Medicare Advantage Plan.
  • If you have Part D, you can switch to a different Part D plan or drop your prescription drug plan. 

You can also use this time to enroll in Part C and Part D for the first time. 

When Can I Make These Changes?

Medicare open enrollment is from October 15th through December 7th each year. Making changes to your plan during this time provides the most flexibility and will affect your 2024 Medicare coverage.

Don’t get this confused with the Medicare Advantage open enrollment period that occurs from January 1st to March 31st, where those with Part C can change to a different Part C plan or switch to Parts A and B. Any other changes need to happen in the October-to-December enrollment period. 

Confused About Your Plan? We Can Help.

There’s a lot to consider when reviewing Medicare enrollment options. It’s an important decision that can have a big impact on your wealth management strategy during the retirement years. While this process can be confusing, you don’t have to do it alone. A Medicare advisor or financial planner can help you navigate the various options and tailor your choices to your individual healthcare needs and financial situation.

To learn more about how we can help you or if you have any questions about your retirement plan, reach out to us at 440-683-9213,, or schedule a complimentary introductory call online!

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About Frank Legan


Frank Legan is a Cleveland-based author, a partner and financial advisor at The Cedar Brook Group, one of the largest independent wealth management firms in Northeast Ohio. Frank spends his days designing and implementing personalized financial planning strategies for corporate executives, business owners, artists, families and retirees. He focuses on lifetime income planning strategies, investment advice, and estate planning services. He also works with businesses to develop strategic and succession planning strategies.

Frank holds a B.A. from the University of Dayton and a master’s degree from Cleveland State University.

Frank has been active in his community as he served as a Council Representative at Large for the City of Highland Heights, as well as Vice President and Secretary for the Hillcrest Council of Councils. He currently serves as a Board Member and Emeritus Chairman for Catholic Charities Diocese of Cleveland.

Frank lives in Gates Mills with his wife Laura, daughter Reese and their collie Charlie.

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